HTTP Request Lifecycle Events in IIS Pipeline that every ASP.NET Developer Should Know

Posted by: Suprotim Agarwal , on 8/6/2011, in Category ASP.NET
Views: 145937
Abstract: The life cycle of an ASP.NET application starts with a request sent by a browser to the Web server like IIS. If you are an ASP.NET developer who creates modules and handlers, it’s important to understand the the HTTP Request Lifecycle in IIS. This article will give you an overview of the order of events fired in the Request Life Cycle in IIS pipeline

The life cycle of an ASP.NET application starts with a request sent by a browser to the Web server like IIS. If you are an ASP.NET developer who creates modules and handlers, it’s important to understand the the HTTP Request Lifecycle in IIS. This article will give you an overview of the order of events fired only in the 'Request Life Cycle' in IIS pipeline.

Note: In IIS 6.0, there are two request processing pipelines – one for native-code ISAPI filters and the other for managed applications like ASP.NET. However in IIS 7.0, there is one unified request processing pipeline for all requests. The ASP.NET runtime is integrated with the Web server. Also note that if IIS 7 is configured to work in Classic mode instead of Integrated mode, then it behaves like IIS 6.

 

When a request is made to IIS, it is queued in the application pool of the application. An application pool is a group of one or more URLs that are served by a worker process. The worker process(w3wp.exe) is responsible to forward the request to the application.

The request is processed by the HttpApplication pipeline and events are fired in the following order:

BeginRequest - The BeginRequest event signals the creation of any given new request. This event is always raised and is always the first event to occur during the processing of a request.

AuthenticateRequest - The AuthenticateRequest event signals that the configured authentication mechanism has authenticated the current request. Subscribing to the AuthenticateRequest event ensures that the request will be authenticated before processing the attached module or event handle.

PostAuthenticateRequest - The PostAuthenticateRequest event is raised after the AuthenticateRequest event has occurred. All the information available is accessible in the HttpContext’s User property.

AuthorizeRequest - The AuthorizeRequest event signals that ASP.NET has authorized the current request. You can subscribe to the AuthorizeRequest event to perform custom authorization.

PostAuthorizeRequest - Occurs when the user for the current request has been authorized.

ResolveRequestCache - Occurs when ASP.NET finishes an authorization event to let the caching modules serve requests from the cache, bypassing execution of the event handler and calling any EndRequest handlers.

PostResolveRequestCache – Reaching this event means the request can’t be served from the cache, and thus a HTTP handler is created here. A Page class gets created if an aspx page is requested.

MapRequestHandler - The MapRequestHandler event is used by the ASP.NET infrastructure to determine the request handler for the current request based on the file-name extension of the requested resource.

PostMapRequestHandler - Occurs when ASP.NET has mapped the current request to the appropriate HTTP handler

AcquireRequestState - Occurs when ASP.NET acquires the current state (for example, session state) that is associated with the current request. A valid session ID must exist.

PostAcquireRequestState - Occurs when the state information (for example, session state or application state) that is associated with the current request has been obtained.

PreRequestHandlerExecute - Occurs just before ASP.NET starts executing an event handler

ExecuteRequestHandler – Occurs when handler generates output. This is the only event not exposed by the HTTPApplication class.

PostRequestHandlerExecute - Occurs when the ASP.NET event handler has finished generating the output

ReleaseRequestState - Occurs after ASP.NET finishes executing all request event handlers. This event signal ASP.NET state modules to save the current request state.

PostReleaseRequestState - Occurs when ASP.NET has completed executing all request event handlers and the request state data has been persisted.

UpdateRequestCache - Occurs when ASP.NET finishes executing an event handler in order to let caching modules store responses that will be reused to serve identical requests from the cache.

PostUpdateRequestCache - When thePostUpdateRequestCache is raised, ASP.NET has completed processing code and the content of the cache is finalized.

LogRequest - Occurs just before ASP.NET performs any logging for the current request. The LogRequest event is raised even if an error occurs. You can provide an event handler for the LogRequest event to provide custom logging for the request.

PostLogRequest - Occurs when request has been logged

EndRequest - Occurs as the last event in the HTTP pipeline chain of execution when ASP.NET responds to a request. In this event, you can compress or encrypt the response.

PreSendRequestHeaders – Fired after EndRequest if buffering is turned on (by default). Occurs just before ASP.NET sends HTTP headers to the client.

PreSendRequestContent - Occurs just before ASP.NET sends content to the client.

I hope this post helped you understand how the HttpApplication pipeline flows. Armed with this knowledge, you will know which events to trap to perform  tasks at the right time of the event lifecycle.

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Suprotim Agarwal, ASP.NET Architecture MVP, MCSD, MCAD, MCDBA, MCSE, is the CEO of A2Z Knowledge Visuals Pvt. He primarily works as an Architect Consultant and provides consultancy on how to design and develop .NET centric database solutions.

Suprotim is the founder and primary contributor to DotNetCurry, DNC .NET Magazine, SQLServerCurry and DevCurry. He has also written an EBook 51 Recipes using jQuery with ASP.NET Controls. and is authoring another one at The Absolutely Awesome jQuery CookBook.

Follow him on twitter @suprotimagarwal


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User Feedback
Comment posted by sean on Monday, August 15, 2011 10:23 PM
Thanks for sharing.<a href="http://www.novasoftware.com/">.NET development</a>
Comment posted by Nagesh on Saturday, November 5, 2011 4:37 AM
nice article
Comment posted by Very Good Article on Saturday, July 7, 2012 1:42 AM
Nice article giving good insight into http pipeline events.
Comment posted by Vikas Jindal on Tuesday, September 11, 2012 2:40 PM
Good one
Comment posted by Ayesha on Tuesday, April 15, 2014 11:40 PM
very informative. Thanks.

have a look at this link also http://www.etechpulse.com/2014/04/aspnet-worker-process-iis-process-model.html
Comment posted by Bilal on Friday, April 18, 2014 3:11 PM
Are those events owned by IIS and ASP.NET just registers for them? Or what?

Thanks

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